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84                               SHIPPING PRACTICE

Merchant Shipping (Safety and Loadline Conventions) Act
of 1932.

The marking of the load line was a preventive measure
whereby a carrier was not allowed to endanger the lives
and property on board by overloading his vessel. The
necessity for the step has been emphasized over and over
again, when on loss of a vessel and loss of life it has been
proved that these regulations have not been carried out.

Under the 1932 Act all ships had to be remeasured,
and the new loadline was allotted so that all vessels came
under the new ruling as from January, 1933.

Sect. 10 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1906, relating to
timber has been withdrawn and all ships carrying a deck
load of timber have a special timber marking allotted to
them. So long as the seasonal timber marking is not sub-
merged, there is no limit to the quantity of deck cargo,
with the exception that in winter time the height of deck
cargo must not exceed one-third of the breadth of the ship.

The seasons to which the markings apply axe Tropical
(T), Summer (S), Winter (W), and Winter North Atlantic
(WNA), Some zones of the world are marked as seasonal,
i.e. varying at times between winter and summer or tropical
and summer. The world has been mapped off into sections
showing where these seasons apply and the map is pub-
lished under Board of Trade Rules and Orders No. 96

All ships must be loaded so that in every zone through
which they pass the corresponding seasonal loadline must
not be submerged and in some cases where voyages traverse
two or three zones it is interesting to study which marking
will apply!

The markings are as follows—


___   _T *
	11   _ LS   _ UK  —
	__ T __ S

______ Will A
	\ ____ WNA
	LWJiA __